REAL-WORLD ROBOTICS: LEARNING TO PLAN FOR ROBUST EXECUTION
by Scott W. Bennett and Gerald F. DeJong
In executing classical plans in the real world, small discrepancies between a planner's internal representations and the real world are unavoidable. These can conspire to cause real-world failures even though the planner is sound and, therefore, "proves" that a sequence of actions achieves the goal. Permissive planning, a machine learning extension to classical planning, is one response to this difficulty. This paper describes the permissive planning approach and presents GRASPER, a permissive planning robotic system that learns to robustly pick up novel objects.